Needless to say that plastic surgery has long ceased being the prerogative of the stars and public figures. Having the financial ability, any housewife rushes to a professional surgeon “to fix here” and “to remove there”. For many, the trip to the plastic surgeon is as much a part of life as going on vacation. Here is a list of the most popular procedures, according to the data compiled by plastic surgery clinics.
10. Abdominal Plastic Surgery
Abdominal plastic surgery involves removing excess skin on the abdomen and excess fat. When all the excessive fat is removed, the stomach becomes flat again. Abdominoplasty is usually combined with liposuction and other methods of fat removal. The surgery usually takes about three hours. During the intervention, two long incisions are made on the abdomen – a longitudinal one and a transverse incision a little lower. Excess tissue below the navel are removed, and the muscles, that are above, are contracted at the middle line so that they took their normal position again.
During this operation, the most persistent fat in the abdomen, thighs, chest and hands can be removed with a cannula – a small thin tube leading to the vacuum suction device. Sometimes, if you want to treat a small area, fat is suctioned with a syringe.
Liposuction is used not only by lazy people, but even by those, who are persistently involved in sports and follow a healthy diet, though can not always get rid of fat, especially if it appeared as a result of hormonal disbalance. To prevent blood loss, a special solution is injected into the problem areas, which also helps to break down fatty deposits.
8. Brow Lift
During this surgery the surgeon tightens the skin on the forehead by removing some tissue and muscle, re-forming the contour of the upper part of the face. Four incisions are made along the hairline, where endoscopes are then introduced to determine what kind of tissue and muscle must be removed. The entire procedure takes about two hours.
7. Chin Augmentation
Chin augmentation is aimed at making people’s face look proportionate. A small incision is made on the neck under the chin, and then the resulting pocket is filled with an implant. The surgery lasts for a couple of hours.
6. Nose Job
Rhinoplasty, or a nose job, involves creating other forms of cartilage, bones, and sometimes the soft tissues of the nose. The nose can be increased or decreased, the hump curvature can be removed, the “duck” tip of the nose can be shortened, and in addition, it can facilitate the patient’s respiration. However, the top reason to undergo rhinoplasty is still an aesthetic one.
Blepharoplasty is the removal of excess skin, fat and muscle tissue of the upper and lower eyelids. Lowered and swollen eyelids gain their normal form, and the patient gets visually younger. Bags under the eyes can occur not only because of age, but also because of heredity, sun exposure, poor environmental conditions, and medications.
4. Face and Neck Lifting
The essence of the surgery is the removal of excess skin, which makes the shape of the face blurred and bloated. Due to excision the skin is lifted and attached to its new location, and at the same time wrinkles and laxity are removed.
3. Breast Reduction
Someone might find size six of the breast a real gift of nature, but the owners of impressive busts do not think so: it is difficult to enjoy it since you are plagued by constant back pain and other problems. When performing mammoreduction, the surgeons remove a part of the breast, fat and skin, and then move the nipple and other tissues higher.
2. Breast Lifting, or Mastopexy
Those, who are satisfied with their breast size and disappointed by its shape, resort to this procedure. This surgery is called mastopexy. The reasons for such a surgery are sagging breasts after childbirth and breastfeeding or ageing processes. One or more small incisions are made on the breast, through which breast tissue is lifted and fixed to the new location.
1. Breast Augmentation
It is not surprising that breast augmentation is at the top of the hit parade: too many women think that woman’s happiness is to have big breasts. Implants are inserted into the incision under the breast, near the armpit or areola. Nowadays, these surgeries are conducted through an incision in the navel. The implant consists of a silicone shell with silicone gel or with saline solution inside.